• Conventions of Standard English:

    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.1
    Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.1.A
    Explain the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, infinitives) in general and their function in particular sentences.
    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.1.B
    Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice.
    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.1.C
    Form and use verbs in the indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, and subjunctive mood.
    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.1.D
    Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb voice and mood.*
    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.2
    Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.2.A
    Use punctuation (comma, ellipsis, dash) to indicate a pause or break.
    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.2.B
    Use an ellipsis to indicate an omission.

    Knowledge of Language:

    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.3
    Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.3.A
    Use verbs in the active and passive voice and in the conditional and subjunctive mood to achieve particular effects (e.g., emphasizing the actor or the action; expressing uncertainty or describing a state contrary to fact).

    Vocabulary Acquisition and Use:

    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.4
    Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words or phrases based on grade 8 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.4.A
    Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a word's position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.4.B
    Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., precede, recede, secede).
    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.4.C
    Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech.
    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.4.D
    Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary).
    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.5
    Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.5.A
    Interpret figures of speech (e.g. verbal irony, puns) in context.
    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.5.B
    Use the relationship between particular words to better understand each of the words.
    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.5.C
    Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., bullheaded, willful, firm, persistent, resolute).
    CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.8.6
    Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.